Typical voice disorders include hoarseness, breathiness, or sudden breaks in loudness or pitch. Voice disorders are frequently combined with other speech problems to form a complex communication disorder.
Pediatric voice problems involve pathologic laryngeal conditions, including inflammation of the vocal folds, chronic laryngitis, vocal nodules, vocal polyps and contact ulcers, all of which can be identified by the child’s Ear, Nose and Throat doctor. These conditions, usually caused by vocal abuse, are normally reversible with the elimination of laryngeal overuse and tension, along with a program of vocal hygiene.
Vocal cord nodules form on the vocal folds where excessive irritation has occurred and is usually reversible with modification of vocal behavior (voice therapy). The lesions themselves are like calluses. Overuse, or misuse and abuse of the voice causes the formation of nodules.